Nowadays, many people tend to get together to fight to protect their human rights and the rights of others, but not many actually know all of their rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights enlists 30 inalienable rights.
On Dec. 10, 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adapted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all people and all nations. This document was the first to establish a set of rights that all humans are entitled to and must be enforced by all governments. Today, 193 countries form the U.N., which means that all 193 countries have agreed to take on this document and apply its words as law.
Unfortunately, that hasn’t been the case since many governments violate human rights on a daily basis. Amnesty International is a global movement for human rights that focuses on bringing injustices to light and making sure that people’s rights are not being abused. They bring torturers to justice, change oppressive laws and free people who have been incarcerated for voicing their opinions. In 2014, Amnesty International investigated human rights abuses in 160 countries. They found the following:
- Almost three quarters of governments restricted freedom of expression;
- 58% of countries conducted unfair trials;
- 28 countries have laws that completely ban abortion;
- 78 countries have laws that criminalize same-sex relationships.
Recently, I found out about an organization that teaches human rights globally; their mission is to help educate and raise a society that understands, believes and respects human rights. The International Solidarity For Human Rights is a non-profit organization founded in 2008 and they encourage the diffusion of the articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a way of preventing violence, dehumanization and bullying while promoting equality, kindness and inclusion.
Here are the 30 articles listed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
- We are all born free and equal.
- I shall not be discriminated against.
- I have the right to life, liberty and security of person.
- I shall not be enslaved.
- I shall not be tortured in any form.
- I have the right to be recognized everywhere as a person before the law.
- I have the right to equal protection before the law.
- I have the right to justice.
- I shall not be a victim of arbitrary arrest or detention, I cannot be exiled.
- I have the right to a fair and public hearing.
- I am innocent until proven guilty before the law.
- I have the right to privacy.
- I have the right to move freely within state borders, I have the right to leave and return to my country.
- I have the right to seek and enjoy asylum from persecution.
- I have the right to a nationality.
- I have the right to marry and form a family.
- I have the right to purchase and own private property.
- I have the right to practice my religion.
- I have the right to express myself.
- I have the right to peaceful assembly.
- I have the right to vote and take part in free and fair elections.
- I have a right to social security.
- I have the right to work at an organization of my choice.
- I have the right to rest and leisure.
- I have the right to seek medical care for my health, I have access to food and shelter.
- I have the right to obtain an education.
- I have the right to enjoy cultural life and I can protect my artistic/literary work as the author.
- I have the right to the social and international order established by this Declaration.
- I have duties to the community.
- I have full entitlement to these rights and no one can take them away.
Below is a simplified list of the 30 human rights. This list has been adapted from the original Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
It is important that we all know our rights because only then can we ensure that we are being treated fairly and that our government has kept its promise of delivering and protecting our human rights. We are all worthy of being respected and we all deserve to live in peace, so we mustn’t allow anyone to take away our human rights.